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Sabtu, 30 April 2011

Big Ben

Big Ben

Big Ben is one of the most famous landmarks in London and the focus of New Year's Eve celebration in the UK, with TV and radio stations tuning to its chimes to mark the countdown to Januari 1. The name commonly refers to the tall clock tower in the Palace of Westminster, where the House of Parliament is located. But big Ben is actually the nickname for the nickname for the hour bell inside the tower, not the clock itself.
Big Ben, which weighs more than thirteen tons, is still only the third biggest hour bell in the UK. It was originally tuned to E, before its heavy hammer caused a crack on the bell, and was replaced with a lighter hammer and tilted at 90 degree so that the crack wouldn't get worse. but these changes meant that the bell sound that you hear at the opening of some of BBC News Service programs is no longer struck at a true E. The bell tells the hour, with a five second time lapse between each strike.
Big Ben
Its pendulum is regulated by adding or subtracting old penny coins which no longer are used and manufactured since the UK used the decimal system in 1971.
There some controversies as to the origin of the bell's nickname. Some said that the name came up when members of the Parliament were arguing about what to call the new hour bell, and one of them suggested naming it after the person who commissioned it, Sir Benjamin Hall. But another theory holds that the nickname was given because at the time anything heaviest of its kind is called Big Ben, after the heavyweight boxing champion Benjamin Caunt.

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